Stopping smoking reduces risk of bacterial pneumonia in people with HIV
January 22, 2013 - Bacterial pneumonia is one of the commonest and most serious infections occurring in
people infected with HIV. A metanalysis of cohort and case control studies published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC
Medicine finds that current smokers with HIV were at double the risk of bacterial pneumonia than non-smoking counterparts, but
that when people stopped smoking their risk was reduced.
The metanalysis reanalysed the data of several thousand participants with HIV, from 14 studies based in USA, Europe and
South Africa. Overall it appeared that current smoking was associated with a 70-100% increase in risk of bacterial pneumonia, compared
to non-smokers, but that stopping smoking decreased this by about a third. This was independent of CD4 count or antiretroviral therapy.
Prof Paul Aveyard, from University of Oxford who led the study explained that, "Antiretroviral treatment means that people
with HIV can have a normal life expectancy. However they still have substantially increased health risks compared to the general
population, including risk of pneumonia. Our results show that smokers with HIV have twice the risk of bacterial pneumonia, but
that stopping smoking can reduce this risk. In order to prevent this potentially life threatening lung disease we believe
that smoking cessation programs should be promoted as part of HIV treatment."
Dr Hilary Glover
Scientific Press Officer, BioMed Central
Tel: +44 (0) 20 3192 2370
Mob: +44 (0) 778 698 1967
1. Systematic review and meta-analysis: influence of smoking cessation on incidence of pneumonia in HIV Preeti De, Amanda Farley,
Nicola Lindson and Paul Aveyard BMC Medicine (in press)
Please name the journal in any story you write. If you are writing for the web, please link to the article. All articles are available
free of charge, according to BioMed Central's open access policy.
Article citation and URL available on request on the day of publication.
2. BMC Medicine is the flagship medical journal of the BMC series, publishing original research, commentaries and reviews
that are either of significant interest to all areas of medicine and clinical practice, or provide key translational or clinical
advances in a specific field. @BMCMedicine
3. BioMed Central ( http://www.biomedcentral.com/ ) is an STM (Science,
Technology and Medicine) publisher which has pioneered the open access publishing model. All peer-reviewed research articles
published by BioMed Central are made immediately and freely accessible online, and are licensed to allow redistribution and
reuse. BioMed Central is part of Springer Science+Business Media, a leading global publisher in the STM sector. @BioMedCentral
For more HIV and AIDS News visit...
Positively Positive - Living with HIV/AIDS: