Sentencing of Missouri College Student in HIV “Exposure” Case Decried As “Barbaric”
HIV Medical Providers, Lawyers, and Community Members Call for Reform of State HIV Law
July 14, 2015 - Members of the medical and legal community joined HIV activists in expressing outrage at the 30½ year
sentence imposed on a Black Missouri college student and star wrestler following his conviction under
the state law that makes it a felony for people diagnosed with HIV to have sexual contact without
documenting they disclosed their HIV status.
The student, Michael Johnson, faced complaints lodged by six men who claimed that they had sex with
Mr. Johnson and did not know he had HIV. The sentence imposed on Mr. Johnson is equivalent to that
issued in a serious homicide case.
St. Charles County Circuit Judge Jon Cunningham, who sentenced Mr. Johnson yesterday, told him he
had committed "very severe" crimes. Mr. Johnson was given 30 years on the felony conviction of
recklessly transmitting HIV without disclosure, and a total of 30½ years on the four lesser convictions of
recklessly exposing another to HIV without disclosure. The judge ordered that the sentences run
concurrently, for an effective prison sentence of 30½ years.
- MICHAEL JOHNSON’S IMPRISONMENT WILL NOT SLOW THE SPREAD OF HIV.
Dr. Jeffrey Birnbaum, a nationally-recognized adolescent HIV expert, and founder and director of the
Health and Education Alternatives for Teens (HEAT), a treatment and prevention center for adolescents
and young adults, expressed sadness and concern at the outcome of Mr. Johnson’s case. Dr. Birnbaum
stressed, “HIV criminal laws have no positive impact on the spread of HIV. Sentencing people living
with HIV to prison for having sex will, based on decades of HIV clinical experience, only drive people
away from health centers where they can learn their HIV status and get the medical care they need.”
- IMPRISONMENT POINTLESSLY DEVASTATES A PROMISING YOUNG MAN’S LIFE.
Kimber Mallet, a former professor of Michael’s, states: “Michael was a kind, hard-working student who
overcame a learning disability to enter college and become a promising athlete. His sentence is tragic and
likely will cost him his future, with no benefit to Missouri taxpayers who pay for this severe form of
punishment. I am hopeful that the appeal of his sentence will produce a more just outcome."
- MISSOURI’S HIV LAW AND PUNISHMENT IS IRRATIONAL AND GROSSLY UNFAIR.
Mayo Schreiber, Deputy Director of The Center for HIV Law and Policy and a long-time criminal
defense attorney, pointed out, “The criminal statute that Michael Johnson was convicted of violating was
originally passed in 1988, at a time when HIV was considered a ‘death sentence.’ Today, with proper
treatment, HIV is a chronic, manageable disease and those with HIV can expect to live a full, healthy life.
Yet violation of the Missouri law is a class A felony, with a sentencing range of 10-30 years or life
imprisonment. Other class A felonies include murder or child abandonment resulting in death. Punishing Michael Johnson as if he is a murderer because state officials have failed to address a severely outdated,
irrational criminal law is not only fundamentally unfair, it is barbaric.”
- THE STATE OF MISSOURI IS PLAYING BAIT AND SWITCH WITH ITS CITIZENS.
LaTrischa Miles, member of the Missouri AIDS Task Force, founder of GRACE of Greater Kansas City,
a faith-based organization for women affected by HIV/AIDS, and Co-Founder of Positive Women’s
Network – USA (PWN-USA), stated: "The state of Missouri spends significant resources encouraging its
citizens to be tested for HIV. The state then prosecutes people who test positive for HIV and are unable to
prove that they disclosed this to their sexual partners. That just doesn’t make sense.”
Lauren Fanning, an outreach specialist for CHLP’s Positive Justice Project, which seeks to reform HIV
criminal laws in the U.S., pointed out, “State and local health officials stood by silently while the
prosecutor used ignorance about HIV to persuade a jury that Michael Johnson’s HIV is effectively a
deadly weapon. How do you think this double-talk affects people’s comfort with getting tested?”
The Center for HIV Law and Policy (CHLP) is a national legal and policy resource and strategy center
for people living with HIV and their advocates. CHLP works to reduce the impact of HIV on
marginalized communities and to secure the human rights of people affected by HIV.
The Positive Justice Project (PJP), a project of CHLP, is a national coalition of organizations and
individuals, including those living with HIV, those accused or prosecuted, medical and public health
professionals, law enforcement, community organizers, advocates, attorneys, sex workers, social
scientists and others working to end HIV criminalization in the United States. To join or to get more
information about PJP, contact Community Outreach Specialist Stephen Williams at
For more information regarding the Missouri AIDS Task Force and local organizing around HIV
criminal laws, contact firstname.lastname@example.org, or contact Lauren Fanning, Senior Community
Outreach Specialist for criminal law modernization efforts at email@example.com.
Source: Final CHLP PR RELEASE re MJ Sentencing 7-14-15-revd.pdf
"Reproduced with permission - The Center for HIV Law and Policy"
The Center for HIV Law and Policy
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