Civil society groups unite to tackle trade, fight for targets and to eliminate industry influence; file complaint with the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health
September 1, 2011 - Negotiations resume on the draft political declaration
for the first United Nations General Assembly Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) High-Level Meeting (HLM) in New York City today.
Alarmed by explicit efforts led by developed countries to weaken the Declaration's language in a way that will undermine effective
prevention and treatment of NCDs, over 70 public health NGOs and groups representing hundreds, if not thousands, of people living
with HIV/AIDS from across the globe are now sounding the alarm.
Their concern is that a watered down political declaration will roll back the advances made realising access to medicines for all
and will threaten the right to health of millions of people, especially those living in developing countries.
"The richer, more powerful countries are putting global health at risk for trade interests and economic gain," says Sandeep Kishore
of the Young Professionals Chronic Disease Network. "The draft has been crippled - currently devoid of any prevention or treatment
targets, lacking bold commitments to action and packed with proposals aimed at diluting governments' obligations to keep private
interests driving NCDs, including tobacco firms, in check. These actions constitute human rights violations and will cost lives."
The global coalition is now petitioning the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health to take urgent action against countries acting
contrary to human rights in the negotiations. The complaint targets a bloc of developed countries, including the US, Canada, European
Union and Japan, that have been thwarting key proposals which would give the declaration on NCDs "teeth" through time-bound targets
and robust States' commitments to undertake interventions proven to be effective. These actions together threaten the ability of
States to comply with their obligations to respect, protect and fulfill the right to health and ensure access to medicines for all.
Access to medicines advocates who are turning their attention to NCDs have been quick to see the parallels with battles for access
to HIV/AIDS and TB medications.
"It is time to take the lessons and victories from the access to medicines movement's HIV/AIDS advocacy and apply them to the
emerging NCD crisis, a crisis which is rapidly being recognised as the major health crisis of the poor and dispossessed," says
Rachel Kiddell-Monroe, President of Universities Allied for Essential Medicines and former aid worker with Médecins Sans
Frontières. "I watched helplessly as patients died of AIDS in Rwanda in 1994 because the medicines were too expensive.
Now those AIDS patients would have a chance of receiving treatment. But the same cannot be said if they had diabetes or cancer."
AIDS ACTIVISTS THE WORLD OVER AGREE
"People with HIV need access to antiretroviral therapy, but we all are also susceptible to non-communicable diseases, which also need
treatment. Although I have HIV, I am on antiretroviral therapy and thus am more likely now to die of non-communicable diseases like
cancer, heart disease or stroke than AIDS," says Gregg Gonsalves of the International Treatment Preparedness Coalition. "Whether we
are advocating for access to HIV medicines or to NCD medicines, this is a battle for medicines for all."
The union of the NCD and HIV civil society movements represents a watershed moment in global health and strengthens global calls to action
for a strong UN summit on NCDs. "People died during long and hard-won battles for access to HIV/AIDS medicines; we will not stand by and
allow this to happen again for people suffering from cancer, diabetes and heart disease," says Shiba Phurailatpam, Director of the
Asia-Pacific Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS.
While the UN declaration on HIV/AIDS that emerged in June featured clear commitments to targets and also endorsed the use of important
flexibilities guaranteed by the WTO TRIPS Agreement to ensure trade did not trump patient rights, the United States, in particular, has
blocked all attempts for similar language in the NCD declaration. "The US government and our courts have used compulsory licenses on
patents that diagnose and treat cancer, to force the licensing of patents on stem cell lines, and to promote research on a wide
range of non-communicable diseases and conditions. Developing countries, which have almost no access to many new cancer drugs,
want language in the Declaration to establish the legitimacy of using compulsory licenses, to make access to cancer drugs
more equal. We are deeply disappointed in the Obama Administration, for working so closely with the drug companies to
weaken the declaration, " says Krista Cox from Knowledge Ecology International.
SUCCESSFUL OUTCOMES ARE POSSIBLE
The coalition is seeking accountability from all Member States involved in negotiating the NCD Political Declaration this week.
"It is important that the Declaration call upon Member States to avoid conflicts of interest in their efforts of prevention and
control of NCDs" says Gopakumar of the Third World Network. Speaking as one voice, communities and public health organizations
around the world are petitioning to be heard, for their key concerns taken seriously and addressed. Rohit Malpani, Senior
Advisor at Oxfam affirms: "It would be a profound disappointment for a Declaration that is intended to promote public
health to do less to promote access to medicines than existing global trade agreements. Oxfam urgently calls upon
world leaders to ensure that strong and robust commitments to ensure access to affordable medicines is not left
out of the final Declaration." World leaders must act immediately and responsibly to deliver key changes and
ensure actionable, measurable outcomes in the political declaration.
FOR MEDIA INQUIRIES PLEASE CONTACT:
Rachel Kiddell-Monroe, Universities Allied for Essential Medicines:
1 514 226 7003; email@example.com
Sandeep Kishore, Young Professionals Chronic Disease Network:
Gregg Gonsalves, ITPC:
Shiba Phurailatpam, Asia-Pacific Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS
Krista Cox, Knowledge Ecology International
1 202 332 2670; firstname.lastname@example.org
Gopakumar, Third World Network:
Tel: +91 9899976104; email@example.com
About the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network
Since 1992, the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network ( www.aidslaw.ca ) has been promoting
the human rights of people living with and vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, in Canada and internationally, through research, legal and policy
analysis, education, and community mobilization. The Legal Network is Canada 's leading advocacy organization working on
the legal and human rights issues raised by HIV/AIDS.
Reproduced with permission - "Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network"
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network