NEW EVIDENCE ON MATERNAL HEALTH PROVES AGAIN THAT BROAD ACCESS TO HIV TREATMENT PAYS HUGE HEALTH DIVIDENDS
Sharp Drop in Maternal Deaths Provides Further Strong Support
for Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care
19 April 2010 (Geneva, Switzerland) - The International AIDS Society (IAS) today welcomed
the new study, "Maternal mortality for 181 countries, 1980-2008: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 5,"
published in the 12 April online edition of The Lancet. The new report documents significant reductions in maternal deaths worldwide and the
central role that access to HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) plays in achieving broad health gains for women. Access to ART is cited in
the study as a major contributor to the reduced rates of death among women.
Despite progress in scaling up access to treatment and care, HIV remains the leading global killer of women of reproductive age and one of the leading overall causes of adult
and child deaths in low- and middle-income countries. According to UNAIDS, women comprise about half of all people living with HIV worldwide and three quarters of people ages
15-24 living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Broad access to ART has reduced morbidity and mortality among women, reduced vertical transmission and improved the health of
infants and children. Yet the estimated 4 million people receiving ART in low- and middle-income countries represents only about one-third of the number of people who
need access to HIV therapy today.
"This very important study proves yet again that concerted, evidence-based action to improve the health of women with HIV works," said Julio Montaner, President
of the IAS. "Leaders of the G8 nations and every United Nations member state have pledged to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support by this year,
2010. This study gives us strong additional evidence as to why this pledge must be met as quickly as possible. As well as the impact on women's health, HIV programs reduce
tuberculosis and other infectious diseases; support the training of health workers and strengthen health systems in the poorest countries."
"New data on decreases in maternal deaths show once again that access to HIV prevention, treatment and care is essential to a comprehensive approach to improving
the health of poor and vulnerable people," said IAS Executive Director Robin Gorna. "HIV services do not compete with other health priorities. They support them by
reducing all-cause mortality; improving maternal health; improving child health by preventing and treating HIV disease in children and reducing diarrheal and other
diseases through safe breastfeeding. This study reminds us that those who seek to pit maternal health against HIV in a competition for resources are deeply misguided."
Even as critical evidence about the broad and multiple benefits of universal access to HIV services pours in, however, IAS officials pointed out that donor nations
are falling billions of dollars short on pledges to achieve universal access to HIV services. Ill-timed and shortsighted cutbacks threaten to reduce access to HIV prevention
and treatment just as increased action is needed to build on progress such as that cited in this new study.
"As we celebrate the significant but incomplete victory outlined in this report, the global community must also increase its voice to demand that all nations meet the
pledge to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support," said Robin Gorna. "Everyone concerned about global health and development should visit the
web page of the IAS "Universal Access Now" campaign (http://www.iasociety.org/universalaccessnow.aspx) to help us demand that every woman, man and child in need receives quality
HIV services and the multiple benefits that universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support provides."
About the IAS
The International AIDS Society (IAS) is the world's leading independent association of HIV professionals, with 14,000 members from 190 countries working at all levels of the global response to AIDS. Our members include researchers from all disciplines, clinicians, public health and community practitioners on the frontlines of the epidemic, as well as policy and programme planners. The IAS is the custodian of the biennial International AIDS Conference, which will be held in Vienna, Austria from 18 to 23 July 2010.
For more information:
Alan Brotherton (Geneva, Switzerland)
Regina Aragón (Rome, Italy)
Acting Communications Manager
Tel: +39 329 445 9590
Director, Policy and Communications
Tel: +41 22 710 0857
"Reproduced with permission - International AIDS Society"
International AIDS Society