HIV/AIDS leading cause of death among women of reproductive age Canadians
March 8, 2011, TORONTO - Women across the globe have little to celebrate this International Women's Day
in relation to HIV/AIDS, given that it continues to be the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age.
A 2010 report to the United Nations, No Action: No Progress, showed there is systematic erosion of women's and girls'
human rights in Canada over the last several years. It called for urgent action against Canada's persistent failure to provide
adequate social assistance to poor women and girls and to address endemic violence against Aboriginal women and girls.
1 Poverty and violence have profound impacts on women and HIV/AIDS.
This follows the World Health Organization's 2009 report entitled Women and Health: Today's evidence for tomorrow's
agenda showed that, globally, HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age. WHO states that "within
countries, the health of girls and women is critically affected by social and economic factors, such as access to education
and household wealth. Such differences are not confined to developing countries but are found in the developed world."2
"There is little to celebrate when women are dying from HIV/AIDS due to their overall low status in society," said
Louise Binder, an HIV-positive Canadian, international women's advocate and Chair of the Canadian Treatment Action
Council (CTAC)."Canada has pockets of the third world within its borders," she added.
A startling example is Saskatchewan. In 2008, the province's HIV rate was the highest in the country at 20.8, more
than twice that of Ontario (10.3), British Columbia (9.5) and Quebec (9.8).3 The number of new HIV infections in Saskatchewan
has risen from 26 in 2002 to 173 in 2008. Women were 46% of the new infections. Young women infected far exceeded young
men among 15-19 year olds, with 10 females versus 3 males, and among 20-29 year olds, with 28 females versus 15 males.
The majority of new HIV infections were among Aboriginals.4
"Aboriginal women are overrepresented in the Canadian epidemic, with numbers increasing annually.
We, Aboriginal women, represent the bottom rung in the HIV response, translating into a total funding disparity
and continued marginalization. Lip service in the form of the apology from the federal government rings
hollow in the face of the continued impacts of colonialism that have direct links to Aboriginal
women's HIV prevalence rates," added Doris Peltier, an HIV-positive Aboriginal women's
advocate and Aboriginal Women and Leadership Coordinator with the Canadian Aboriginal
AIDS Network (CAAN) and Board member of CTAC. "These numbers impact on the
future of our nations - the women. The funding disparity must be addressed
by governments through greater commitments to Aboriginal women's healing and wellness."
Louise Binder 416-457-3179
Béatrice Cardin 647-330-0114
1 Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action, "No Action: No Progress: Report on Canada's Progress in
Implementing Priority Recommendations made by the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women in 2008", February 2010.
2 World Health Organization, Women and Health: Today's evidence for tomorrow's agenda, 2009.
3 Public Health Agency of Canada, HIV and AIDS in Canada: Surveillance Report to December 31, 2008, 2009.
4 Saskatchewan Ministry of Health, Population Health Branch, "HIV and AIDS in Saskatchewan", 2008.
The Canadian Treatment Action Council (CTAC) is a national
non-governmental organization run by and for people living with HIV/AIDS, including those who are co-infected. CTAC
promotes informed public policy and builds awareness on issues that impede access to treatment and health care
for people living with HIV/AIDS. Treatment is a broad concept, which includes western, traditional,
complementary and alternative medicine.
"Reproduced with permission - CTAC Canadian Treatment Action Council /Conseil canadien de surveillance
et d'accès aux traitement"